Asado in general is a term used in some Latin and Southern American countries for a range of barbecue techniques it is even used as a standard word for barbecue in that region. Now Filipino-Chinese Asado is a bit different and it is more closely related to the Chinese Char Siu which is a type of Asian barbecue marinated in sweet and savoury style sauce. If you will be connecting both information together I guess you can almost derive why this dish is called such. Chinese and Spanish are the main influences in the Philippine cuisine and this is a good example in a marriage of both, it is named in Spanish but the flavours used are of Chinese origin.
Like what I had said it closely resembles the Chinese Char Siu and the big difference is that this is not baked or roasted but it is braised. It uses a whole slab of pork tenderloin then it is sliced only when served similar to how the Chinese prepare their Char Siu, Roast Pork, Lemon Chicken and Hainanese Chicken. Ingredients are a bit different that is why you don’t see fermented tofu and sesame oil in the ingredients list; instead soy sauce is used for colour and flavour along with other sweet condiments and spices such as raw sugar and Chinese five spice.
1 kg pork tenderloin, whole log
1 tbsp five spice powder
2 cups water
1/3 cup soy sauce
1/4 cup dark soy sauce
1/3 cup brown sugar
2 pcs bay leaf
6 cloves garlic, minced
1 white onion, minced
1/4 cup Chinese Cooking wine
1 tsp peppercorns
2 tsp cornstarch dissolved in 2 tbsp water
- Marinate pork in soy sauce, five spice powder, garlic, onion, Chinese Cooking wine and salt for at least an hour.
- Place marinated pork together with water, peppercorns, bay leaf, dark soy sauce and marinade in a pot and let it boil and simmer for 1 hour, turning once.
- Remove pork from pot then set aside for at least 10 minutes to cool down.
- Strain the braising liquid and place on a saucepan, add the dissolved cornstarch mixture and simmer until sauce thickens.
- Slice pork tenderloin thinly then pour sauce on top.
Note: You can adjust the soy sauce and sugar content to your liking, pork asado is meant to have a very strong sweet and salty taste.